[Eoas-seminar] Meteorology MS Defense for Catherine Buczek, Thursday, November 5th, 2020, 3:30 PM, on Zoom https://fsu.zoom.us/j/95618726792

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Thu Nov 5 10:19:31 EST 2020

Meteorology Seminar

Catherine R. Buczek

M.S. Meteorology Candidate


Major Professor:  Dr. Zhaohua Wu

Date: November 5th, 2020                                Time: 3:30 PM

Location: Zoom link https://fsu.zoom.us/j/95618726792


The annual cycle is a relatively large-scale climate process which influences smaller scale climate and meteorological processes. The goal of this research is to diagnose changes to the Northern Hemisphere annual cycle from 1949 to 2017 using multi-dimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD). MEEMD is a newer decomposition method that is built on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD; Wu et al. 2009). Compared to EMD and EEMD, MEEMD can be used to decompose spatiotemporal data sets making climate research easier, which often relies heavily on gridded data sets (Wu et al. 2016). In this study, MEEMD is applied to 2-meter pentad temperature data from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)/National Centers for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Reanalysis 1 (Kalnay et al., 1996) to obtain the amplitude trend of the annual cycle.  The amplitude trend of the annual cycle for all points are normalized to compare the trends between polar and tropical latitudes, as the polar latitudes are changing at a more rapid rate than the tropical latitudes, likely due to anthropogenic forcing (IPCC 2019). Results show that the annual cycle is decreasing in polar latitudes and increasing in tropical latitudes. In mid-latitudes, the annual cycle appears to change depending on topography where, in general, the annual cycle is decreasing in highland regions and increasing in lowland regions. Changes in climate modes may also play a role in mid-latitude results but this remains to be studied in depth. Identifying changes to the annual cycle will prove useful for understanding the spatially differing effects of climate change on weather and climate in the Northern Hemisphere. The results of this research serve as a diagnosis and open the opportunity for future research to explain the results of this paper.

Shel McGuire
Florida State University
Academic Program Specialist
Department of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Science
1011 Academic Way, 2019 EOA Building
Tallahassee, FL 32306
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